Carl Gustav Jung

In the lesson of Annemieke of lions we get every week a surprising lesson. This time it was Carl Jung which a piece was told. About the people that told I find very interesting. They told people what influences this had on the world. I found it very interesting because you have a lot more background information and know better how things work. This is tough material but more challenging it is to down eventually to understand! This were also exam questions, so here through a lot to write about, and I can inform you and the examination material already learning.

Carl Gustav Jung was a Swiss psychiatrist and psychologist. He was the founder of analytical psychology

From 1900 worked as a psychiatrist Jung in Burgholzli clinic in Zurich, which was under the direction of Eugen Bleuler. Here he is particularly engaged with the psychological side of dementia praecox (later schizophrenia) and he developed with his colleague Franz Riklin a number of statistical tests. In 1903 he studied for six months in Paris with Pierre Janet. In 1909 took Jung Burgholzli dismissal from irritation about the attitude of anti-Freudian former director Auguste Forel, who has worked as a consultant, and the fact that director Bleuler did not want to go against it. Jung explained now more on his psychoanalytic approach, and established himself as an independent psychiatrist. His reputation grew such that he had many famous patients from home and abroad could receive, among whom the writer Hermann Hesse. Many of them came from the United States.

After the collaboration with Freud Jung began a period of reorientation, in 1913 he gave up his teaching position at the University of Zurich it, where he had worked from 1905. He concentrated on his own practice, research and publications, in addition, he made several long trips from 1920, including Asia, Central America and tropical Africa, where especially his encounters with the peoples of the Elgonji in Western Kenya and the Pueblo Indians in Mexico would be of vital significance for his thinking about the psychic split of Western man. Back in Switzerland in 1933, Jung accepted a teaching post at the Technical University of Zurich – from 1935 as a professor – he went through with it until 1942. From 1944 he worked as a professor at the University of Basel. In the same year hovered Jung as a result of a severe heart attack on the brink of death, the visions he during this experience was, exerted a major influence on his magnum opus, the Mysterium Coniunctionis, which he process of psychic wholeness describes to using scriptures from alchemy.

Last years During his last years Jung continued to work on his theory of the collective unconscious and the importance of religion for the human psyche. Among others he published a work on the phenomenon of UFOs or flying saucers, which in his opinion were representations of the collective unconscious. Furthermore, he made friends with the English priest Victor White, with whom he had in-depth discussions on the occasion of his interpretation of the book of Job. [13] At the request of his many followers he was still involved in the creation of the CG Jung Institute Zurich by Marie-Louise von Franz, his psychology would propagate. Jung died on June 6, 1961 at the age of 85 to Kusnacht, where he was buried on 9 June 1961.

heory and significance of his work Jung had great influence in the field of depth psychology, analytical psychology and the psychology of religion.
Libido In Jung’s view, the behavior of the man largely determined by a general zest for life that he called libido. For this he saw, and therein he differed greatly from insight to Freud, is not primarily a sexual origin, but rather a religious (in the broadest sense of the word).

Collective unconscious with archetypes He believed that the essence of the personality except by personal consciousness also, and largely formed by what he called the collective unconscious, as it were epigenetically inherited part of the unconscious, a psychic field, according to his doctrine by all representatives of a race or species is shared. On this basis Jung developed the theory of archetypes. These archetypes, concepts such as the shadow, the eternal youth, the evil spirit, the hero and so on, as it were surviving, functional oerdrijfveren or ‘modalities of experience’, that the personality of the human structure. Archetypes are possibilities or tendencies to us in a certain way to develop. They express themselves in images that are frequently found in our dreams, but also in fairy tales and myths, and form the material experience of every religion. Jung also launched the idea that archetypes are at the basis of cultural development, separated in different places in the world. Some similar thinking and ideas would not necessarily only by physical descent or migration to do.

Individuation The central goal of Jung’s psychology is the process of self-realization or individuation. Besides the “I” Jung recognizes the self: a totality to the “I” through both the conscious and the unconscious part of the personality covers. This unconscious, the personal unconscious, then, is in contact with the deeper layer of the collective unconscious, the personal unconscious which is essentially a special case, as it were, an upper layer. The collective unconscious is in principle unlimited, and the bottommost layers of them are not even aware. The realization of the self is a process characterized by the union of opposites in man, such as good and evil, light and shade, inside and out.

Typology Jung is perhaps most known for his typology. In his book Psychological Types in 1921 he worked for four basic types of human personality. He suggested taking contrasting positions opposite each other: thinking and feeling, perception (perception) and intuition, each function as it were, the pole of a circle, which symbolizes the self. One of the poles at each base type is dominant, it is our ‘superior function. An additional, important factor is that the psyche inside (introverted) or out (outgoing) is addressed. The typology is the basis for the MBTI.

Development and healing For development and healing in the sense of individuation, it is necessary according to Jung, that first the superior function develops – this is the main psychological task of our youth. Only then, if man’s consciousness in the outside world has anchored, he is free to develop other functions. In addition, the lateral poles of the levers, as it were, to the opposite area, which is the most in the unconscious is to develop. However, it is our people not given to these areas or features fully into the light of consciousness to bathe or, in the terminology of Jung, to differentiate it. One can only state this enlightened approach. On the way there, according to Jung’s analysis of dreams help us, but also the analysis of our shadow figures, and of our unconscious male or female counterpart, the so-called animus and the anima to women in men. By so conscious of his own subconscious processes, the man according to Jung the hilt of his life only really take control, then he need no longer be guided by what has gone wrong in the past.

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